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GAZ prototype[ edit ] Inthe first prototypes were shown and under the new Soviet automobile numbering systemthe car was christened as the GAZ Visually the vehicle included a completely new fascia, reminiscent of the more muscular fashion of North America, framed by East German built square headlights with water jet washers, a more angular chromed bumper with resin lining, fog lamps suspended below and the trademark "Baleen" grille.
At the same time, conservative European influence can also be traced in the new rear panels, with a large tail-light cluster. As a measure of additional security, the fuel tank migrated behind the rear seat from its position under the boot, Spa 3102 com disc pdf the spare wheel to occupy its space.
From the side, GAZ's profile remained, but doors Spa 3102 com disc pdf void of quarter glasses and featured sunken door handles in accordance to new standards of passive safety to pedestrians. Although the traditional chrome door mounted mirrors were retained, a provision was made for internal adjustment.
Chassis-wise the vehicle featured a vacuum servo assisted split-contour braking system, front disc brakesradial tyres and "aerodynamic" hub caps.
The shown GAZ prototypes also featured automatic transmission, power steering, electric windows and air conditioning. Like its predecessors, the prototypes took part in much publicised tours of the USSR, and GAZ was ready to begin its pre-conveyor batches in The noticeable position of the fuel hatch is of the few indicators that this is an early production car, with the original stratified charge injection For the next two years GAZ was left with a car approved for production, but without the necessary go-ahead from Moscow.
Several reasons played a role, but most of all was the same administration of USSR's planned economy that forced the third generation Volga into a GAZderived replacement. Polyakov, who was keen to see the VAZ giant producing newer cars secured a hefty investment sum for Porsche to assist in development the new front-wheel drive Lada Samara family.
Other reasons included the inability for client producers, namely the Zavolzhye engine plant to begin production of the V6 unit. Autoexport was also cautious of such engine, as fuel economy became a major issue following the oil crisis in Europe, export to which was a source for much needed foreign currency.
Technical details[ edit ] Faced with these constraints, GAZ continued to modify and alter read simplify the make-up of the car.
One such result was the ZMZ motor with a stratified charge or in original terms—"prechambered—torch ignition". Now that it had time to spare, it was decided to introduce this novelty. To keep production costs low, the new engine retained all of ZMZDs key features: However the material of both cylinder block and head was now aluminium.
The big novelty was four additional inlet valves that charged the combustion prechambers. Feeding this was a three barrel carburettor, where the draft from third barrel was directed into the four prechambers.
The spark plugs were located inside these chambers, and lean fuel-air mixture in main cylinders was ignited by conical jets the "torches" from these prechambers. Whilst not exactly impressive dynamics by the turn of the decade, its fuel economy figures were: History[ edit ] With the new engine, and in simplified trim, the new car was re-christened as GAZ Still hoping to introduce the V6 powerplant at a later date, the GAZ designation was retained for it and will used for the V8 "Chaser" models.
Power steering and automatic gearbox were also removed from the make-up. The "new" Volga was re-submitted to Moscow for the go-ahead to production in early and was showcased at the Moscow Olympics to the wider public.
Despite the general interest in the car, it would take a completely different route for the production order to finally come. Unlike theGAZ was able to secure the necessary go-ahead and funding for this limited vehicle.
It also kept its original upsize design philosophy and compared to its predecessor, the GAZ Chaika, the 14 turned out to be a much bigger and more prestigious car. Though the country's economy was stagnating at an alarming rate, its ageing ruling class the nomenklatura was increasing, as were its appetites, and in the semi-official hierarchy, not everyone was entitled to upgrade from the old Chaika to the new one.
As a result, GAZ's assembly, a car developed largely from the Packard Patrician and built sincewas continued alongside the new Chaika, despite its obvious archaism for the time.
Start of production[ edit ] It would take a tragedy to break this paradox situation. On 4 Octoberoutside the city of Minska truck rammed the motorcade killing the First secretary of the Byelorussian Communist PartyPyotr Masherov.
It remains controversial if this was an "accident" given his political ambitions, but he died in a GAZ Chaika though his status not only allowed him the GAZ, but even the flagship ZIL limousine.
In the aftermath, GAZ had to endure criticism that it was producing an archaic vehicle, and inthe last 13th Chaika departed Gorky.
Such turn of events left the Soviet third-ranking nomenklatura without a status car, for whom the standard GAZ Volga was no longer acceptable. It was here that the GAZ finally found its role, never to be sold to the public or be available to it as taxi or ambulance.
An estate version, though developed, never saw assembly.
In April hand-assembly of this car began at the specialised unit on the factory that built the Chaikas, with an annual production of about cars. Despite its status and assembly quality, by the mids it was clearly an out-of-date automobile compared to its western counterparts Mercedes-Benz WVolvoRenault 25Nissan Cedric etc.Setu p Gu ide to the Linksys SPA Mar 30th, | By admin | Category: Tutorials The Linksys SPA is a cool little device that can convert your analog phone line into a SIP trunk into your trixbox or Asterisk PBX PBX system.
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