The underlying causes of the conflict were the determination of the Prussian statesman Prince Otto Edward Leopold von Bismarck to unify Germany under Prussian control and, as a step toward this goal, to eliminate French influence over Germany. On the other hand, Napoleon III, emperor of France from tosought to regain both in France and abroad the prestige lost as a result of numerous diplomatic reverses, particularly those suffered at the hands of Prussia in the Austro-Prussian War of In addition, the military strength of Prussia, as revealed in the war with Austria, constituted a threat to French dominance on the continent of Europe.
Though the war was perhaps not planned by Bismarck, it was certainly not unwelcome to him.
It solved at a stroke the problem of southern Germany, since all the southern German states at once acknowledged their treaty obligations to Prussia and placed… The French emperor, Napoleon IIIdeclared war on Prussia on July 19,because his military advisers told him that the French army could defeat Prussia and that such a victory would restore his declining popularity in France.
The French were convinced that the reorganization of their army in had made it superior to the German armies.
They also had great faith in two recently introduced technical Franco prussian war The French generals, blinded by national pride, were confident of victory. Bismarckfor his part, saw war with France as an opportunity to bring the South German states into unity with the Prussian-led North German Confederation and build a strong German Empire.
Germany was able to delivertroops to the forward zone within 18 days of the start July 14 of mobilization, while many French units reached the front either late or with inadequate supplies.
The vast German and French armies that then confronted each other were each grouped into right and left wings. His further retreat was checked by the German right wing in the blundering Battles of Mars-la-Tour and Gravelotte on August 16 and 18, respectively, and he then took refuge behind the defenses of Metz indefinitely.
Library of Congress, Washington, D.
On September 19 the Germans began to besiege Paris. Jules Favreforeign minister in the new government, went to negotiate with Bismarck, but the negotiations were broken off when he found that Germany demanded Alsace and Lorraine.
These engaged but could not defeat the German forces. Bazaine capitulated at Metz with histroops intact on October 27, and Paris surrendered on January 28, This settlement was finally negotiated by Adolphe Thiers and Favre and was signed February 26 and ratified March 1.
Between then and the conclusion of the formal Treaty of Frankfurt on May 10,the republican government was threatened by an insurrection in Paris, in which radicals established their own short-lived government, the Paris Commune.
The Commune was suppressed after two months, and the harsh provisions of the Treaty of Frankfurt were then implemented: Germany annexed Alsace and half of Lorrainewith Metz. Paris CommuneFrench troops assaulting a barricade during the Paris Commune.
Additionally, the Prussian system of conscript armies controlled by a highly trained general staff was soon adopted by the other great powers. Their mutual animosity proved to be the driving force behind the prolonged slaughter on the Western Front in World War I.The Franco-Prussian War of violently changed the course of European History.
Digging into many European and American archives for the first time, Geoffrey Wawro's Franco-Prussian War describes the war that followed in thrilling detail.
Shooting the Dreyse M The Prussian Army was composed not of regulars but conscripts and reservists. Service was compulsory for all men of military age, thus Prussia and its North and South German allies could mobilize and field some million soldiers in time of war, which it .
The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War (German language: Deutsch–Französischer Krieg), often referred to in France as the War of (19 July – 10 May ), was a significant conflict pitting the Second French Empire against the Kingdom of Prussia and its allies in the North German.
The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War, often referred to in France as the War of (July, 19 – May,10 ), was a conflict between the Second French Empire and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia.
Franco-German War, also called Franco-Prussian War, (July 19, –May 10, ), war in which a coalition of German states led by Prussia defeated iridis-photo-restoration.com war marked the end of French hegemony in continental Europe and resulted in the creation of a unified Germany.
The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War, often referred to in France as the War (July 19, – May 10, ) was a conflict between France and Prussia, which was backed by the North German Confederation and the South German states of Baden, Württemberg and Bavaria. The thorough Prussian and German victory brought about the final.