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An empire is a large polity which rules over territories outside of its original borders.
Definitions of what physically and politically constitute an empire vary. It might be a state affecting imperial policies or a particular political structure. Empires are typically formed from diverse ethnic, national, cultural, and religious components.
Tom Nairn and Paul James define empires as polities that "extend relations of power across territorial spaces over which they have no prior or given legal sovereignty, and where, in one or more of the domains of economics, politics, and culture, they gain some measure of extensive hegemony over those spaces for the purpose of extracting or accruing value".
Examples of this form of empire are the Central African Empireor the Korean Empire proclaimed in when Korea, far from gaining new territory, was on the verge of being annexed by the Empire of Japanthe last to use the name officially. The terrestrial empire's maritime analogue is the thalassocracyan empire composed of islands and coasts which are accessible to its terrestrial homeland, such as the Athenian-dominated Delian League.
Furthermore, empires can expand by both land and sea. Stephen Howe notes that empires by land can be characterized by expansion over terrain, "extending directly outwards from the original frontier"  while an empire by sea can be characterized by colonial expansion and empire building "by an increasingly powerful navy".
Ideas about empires have changed over time, ranging from public approval to universal distaste.
Empires are built out of separate units with some kind of Empire state building research paper — ethnic, national, cultural, religious — and imply at least some inequality between the rulers and the ruled.
Without this inequality, the system would be seen as a commonwealth. Most of the powers were centralized in Europe, for example the Roman Empire. During the Age of Discoverythe idea of taking over other nations was brought back in a more modernized way.
Imperialism is the idea of a major power controlling another nation or land with the intentions to use the native people and resources to help the mother country in any way possible.
Many empires were the result of military conquest, incorporating the vanquished states into a political union, but imperial hegemony can be established in other ways. The Empire of Brazil declared itself an empire after separating from the Portuguese Empire in France has twice transitioned from being called the French Republic to being called the French Empire while it retained an overseas empire.
Weaker states may seek annexation into the empire. The Unification of Germany as the empire accreted to the Prussian metropole was less a military conquest of the German states than their political divorce from the Austrian Empirewhich formerly ruled loosely over the Holy Roman Empire.
Having convinced the other states of its military prowess, and having excluded the AustriansPrussia dictated the terms of imperial membership. Diachronic map of the main empires of the modern era — Politically, it was typical for either a monarchy or an oligarchyrooted in the original core territory of the empire, to continue to dominate.
Europeans began applying the designation of "empire" to non-European monarchiessuch as the Qing Empire and the Mughal Empireas well as the Maratha Empireeventually leading to the looser denotations applicable to any political structure meeting the criteria of "imperium".
Some monarchies styled themselves as having greater size, scope, and power than the territorial, politico-military, and economic facts support. As a consequence, some monarchs assumed the title of "emperor" or its corresponding translation, tsarempereur, kaisershah etc.
Empires were seen as an expanding power, administration, ideas and beliefs followed by cultural habits from place to place. Empires tend to impose their culture on the subject states to strengthen the imperial structure. This can have notable effects that outlast the empire itself, both positive and negative.
This imperial achievement was repeated by Hammurabi of Babylon in the 17th century BC. Both surpassed in territory their contemporary Near Eastern empires.
The Zhou Empire dissolved in BC into feudal multi-state system which lasted for five and a half centuries until the universal conquest of Qin in BC. The Median Empire was the first empire within the territory of Persia. By the 6th century BC, after having allied with the Babylonians to defeat the Neo-Assyrian Empirethe Medes were able to establish their own empire, which was the largest of its day and lasted for about sixty years.
This would be the peak of the empire's territorial extent. Han Empire of China in 2 CE. It is considered the first great empire in history or the first "world empire.
His Empire was succeeded by three Empires ruled by the Diadochi —the SeleucidPtolemaicand Macedonianwhich, despite being independent, are called the " Hellenistic Empire" by virtue of their similarities in culture and administration. Meanwhile, in the western Mediterranean the Empires of Carthage and Rome began their rise.Excerpt from Research Paper: , the Empire State Building was the highest building in the iridis-photo-restoration.com was surpassed in its impressiveness only by .
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