Diabetes health risks essay

Hypos — when your blood sugars are too low Hypers — when your blood sugars are too high Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic State HHS — a life-threatening emergency that only happens in people with Type 2 diabetes. What causes diabetes complications? High sugar levels in your blood over a long period of time can seriously damage your blood vessels. So if your feet are damaged, serious heart problems can follow.

Diabetes health risks essay

Preventing vision loss Resveratrol in red wine may help prevent vision loss caused by out-of-control blood vessel growth in the eye, according to findings published in Diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration are leading causes of blindness among Americans aged 50 years and above.

This is due to an overgrowth of blood vessels in the eye, known as angiogenesis. Diabetes health risks essay further research confirms findings, the scientists believe it could help not only people with vision problems due to Diabetes health risks essay, but those with atherosclerosiscardiovascular disease, and other causes of retinal detachment.

Preventing colon cancer Scientists in the U. Higher doses reduced tumor size by 25 percent. However, other experts point out that alcohol is strongly linked to different types of cancer, and that any benefit from resveratrol is likely to be outweighed by the negative effects of the alcohol.

Preventing breast cancer Regular consumption of most alcoholic drinks increases the risk of breast cancer. However, thanks to chemicals in the seeds and skins of red grapes, women who drink red wine in moderation may be spared this risk. Red grapes and nonalcoholic red wine also offer the benefits of resveratrol.

Normally, alcohol increases a woman's estrogen levels, and this encourages the growth of cancer cells. However, the aromatase inhibitors AIs that are present in red wine, and to a lesser extent white wine, reduce estrogen levels and increase testosterone in women approaching menopause. It is the grape rather than the wine that primarily provides these beneficial compounds, so eating red grapes is more healthful than drinking red wine.

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Nevertheless, if a woman is going to choose an alcoholic drink, red wine might be a better option, compared with other beverages.

Scientists have questioned the claims of this study and insist that "alcoholic beverages cause breast cancer independent of beverage type. Improving lung function and preventing lung cancer Low doses of red wine, and to a lesser extent white wine, may boost lung function and prevent lung cancer cells from proliferating, according to at least one investigation.

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Protection from prostate cancer A study published in reported that, in men who drink moderate amounts of red wine, the chance of being diagnosed with prostate cancer is around half that of men who never drink red wine. The researchers defined moderate drinking as an average of four to seven glasses of red wine per week.

Those who drank one glass a week were 6 percent less likely to develop prostate cancer than those who never drank it. Preventing dementia A team from Loyola University Medical Center found that moderate red wine intake can reduce the risk of developing dementia.

A long-term study of data from 19 nations found a statistically significant lower risk of dementia among regular, moderate red wine drinkers in 14 countries.

Resveratrol, explained the investigators, is key to this benefit. By reducing the stickiness of blood platelets, it helps keep the blood vessels open and flexible, and this promotes a good supply of blood to the brain. Red and white wines both contain resveratrol, but red wine has more.

The skin of red grapes has very high levels of resveratrol. The manufacturing process of red wine, involves prolonged contact with grape skins. But moderate drinking, if it is truly moderate, can be beneficial. The amount needed, however, is far higher than anyone would get from a glass of wine.

The participants took a-1 gram g supplement by mouth twice a day, equivalent to the amount in 1, bottles of wine. Reducing risk of depression A team of researchers from Spain reported in that drinking wine may reduce the risk of depression.

A study of data for around 5, men and women aged from 55 to 80 years over a 7-year period showed that those who drank between two and seven glasses of wine each week were less likely to receive a diagnosis of depression, even after taking lifestyle factors into consideration. Protecting from severe sunburn Wine and grape derivatives can help protect the skin from the damaging effects of UV light from the sun, according to scientists from Spain.

Diabetes health risks essay

The team found that when UV rays make contact with human skin, they activate reactive oxygen species ROSwhich oxidize fats, DNA, and other large molecules. These, in turn, stimulate other enzymes that harm skin cells.

Wine and grapes contain flavonoids. These inhibit the formation of the ROS in skin cells that are exposed to sunlight. Rather than drinking more wine, however, the researchers suggest incorporating grapes and grape derivatives into sun protection products.

Preventing liver disease Modest wine consumption may cut the risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease NAFLD by half in those who are at risk of the condition, compared with never drinking wine. The finding, published by researchers from the University of California San Diego School of Medicine, is controversial.The health effects associated with obesity include, but are not limited to, the following: High blood pressure - Additional fat tissue in the body needs oxygen and nutrients in order to live, which requires the blood vessels to circulate more blood to the fat tissue.

The health risks of smoking are well known, and most smokers already know the risks they are taking. For people with diabetes, however, smoking is a serious risk factor for numerous health issues. Understand Your Risk for Diabetes Diabetes contributes to more than , deaths in the United States per year.

But many people with Type 2 diabetes aren’t aware they have it — and may already have developed various . Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death among adults in the United States. Learn about the causes and risks factors of CHD. Monitoring your condition and its health risks.

It will also see if this medicine can help prevent complications of obesity, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. To participate, you must be an adult who has been diagnosed with obesity but who does not have diabetes.

Diabetes health risks essay

Feb 21,  · Type-2 diabetes results when the body does not make enough insulin or the body cannot use the insulin it produces. Type-2 diabetes is the leading cause of premature deaths. Improperly managed, it can lead to a number of health issues, including heart diseases, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, nerve damage, leg and foot amputations, and death.

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